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Essays On God And Morality

G Od And Morality Essay

God and Morality

The first question that comes to our mind when we think about the topic of God and morality is; is God the source of morality? Or is morality the source of God?

In other words who existed before in the human's mind? Is God there to enforce the moral rules, as a supreme, all-powerful being? Or did the necessity for moral enforcement produce God?

If we take Descartes' view about this issue, and according to his debate about the existence of God, he refers the idea of the "existing God" in the "thinking I" to God, since he thinks this idea is a supreme and perfect idea. In his first proof for the existence of God, which was Ideas and causes, he states, "1-There must be as much reality in the cause as in the effect. 2-Something cannot proceed from nothing. 3-What is perfect cannot proceed from what the less perfect" 1.

If we take these same principles and apply them to the idea that we suggested before, then we might conclude that God is the source of Morality, that God is not only the enforcer of this morals, rather He is also the source of all morals.

God as the source of morals

Theist View

According to a religious view God is not only the source of Morals but also the aim of it "the keynote in the life and teaching of Jesus with regard to man's moral duty is found in obedient love. This means that with faith in God as the energizing center of one's being, one is required to do the will of God by loving God supremely."2

This view assumes the existence of God before anything else, thus it refers everything to Him, if we want to compare goodness we compare it with Him, if we want to do good we do it for Him, God will be the origin and the end of our acts.

Atheist View

On the other hand we find another point of view for the issue, which suggests that referring Morals to God is just a pure assumption that is easily demolished, in a traditional discussion for the "Devine command theory" Joseph Ellin in his book, "Morality and the Meaning of Life" discusses this Theory, he debates using a concept first used by G.W Leibniz "discourse on Metaphysics" that states; If the Divine Command Theory were true, then the Ten Commandments could have gone something like this: "Thou shall kill everyone you dislike. Thou shall rape every woman you desire. Thou shall steal everything you covet. Thou shall torture innocent children in your spare time. ..." The reason that this is possible is that killing, raping, stealing, and torturing were not wrong before God made them so. Since God is free to establish whatever set of moral principles He chooses, He could just as well have chosen this set as any other.3

This discussion leads us to another point, which is if the moral...

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Belief in a God is necessary for a moral society Essay

1038 Words5 Pages

Belief in a God is necessary for a moral society

Religion in the world has always been considered a rather important aspect of society. Although this is true, there are still people that question the existence of God. A survey done among 1000 people showed that 65 percent of Americans believe that religion is losing its influence on American life (Sheler, 8). Even so, Belief in a God is necessary for a moral society because since the beginning of history man has always made up some sort of role model to explain events and situations that seem inexplicable, God gives people a sense of comfort and hope to know they aren’t alone, and when a society believes in a God, there is a religion behind it that gives ethics and values that they must…show more content…

Either way the bible is read, people should get the same thing out of it, that they should be a good, law-abiding group of individuals and without the belief in God there wouldn’t be this book and without this book the world wouldn’t have this order today.
The U.S. News took a survey asking 1000 people questions about their belief in God, or how God played a role in their lives. As a result, 93 percent of people said that they believed in God or a universal spirit (Sheler, 8). Also, when asked to describe their beliefs about God, 76 percent said that they consider God to be a heavenly father who can be reached by prayer (Sheler, 8). That is a remarkable amount of people to belief that they have such a connection with something that they have no actual insurance of existing. Now, obviously America is considered a moral society, so wouldn’t all this faith play a key role in that observation?
America has always lived a legitimately peaceful lifestyle even though it is considered one of the most religiously diverse countries in the world (Sheler, 5). The word religiously is the key word in that sentence. To have a religion or to believe in a religion is to have a set of rules that have been laid down by that religion to follow. With having these values, it makes it harder and less likely to live an unethical life creating a moral society. In the bible, there are the Ten Commandments. These Ten Commandments are the rules in which the majority religion,

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